Febuxostat versus Allopurinol Streamlined Trial (FAST) | Recruiting
Febuxostat versus Allopurinol Streamlined Trial (FAST)
Trial Source

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Health Conditions
  • Gout
Prof Thomas M MacDonald
+44 (0)1382 632 575
See all trial contact details
Primary Contact Details
Recruitment Status
Primary Trial ID Number
Not provided at time of registration
Research Details
  • A prospective, randomised, open-label, blinded endpoint (PROBE) clinical trial evaluating the long term cardiovascular safety of febuxostat in comparison with allopurinol in patients with chronic symptomatic hyperuricaemia. 1. Compare the cardiovascular (CV) safety profile (in terms of Anti Platelet Trialists’ Collaboration [APTC] events) of febuxostat versus allopurinol when taken for an average of 3 years in patients aged 60 years or older with chronic hyperuricaemia in conditions where urate deposition has already occurred 2. Evaluate other cardiovascular adverse events for both products
Not Applicable
Study Design
Prospective randomised parallel group open label blinded endpoint study
Study Type

1. All consented and screened patients potentially eligible for the study will receive allopurinol treatment prior to randomisation (allopurinol lead-in phase) according to the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) recommendations and the current summary of product characteristics (SmPC) 2. All patients will have their serum uric acid (sUA) levels determined 3. If the patient is below the target sUA level of 6 mg/dL, no dose escalation is required 4. Patients with a sUA level of more than or equal to 6 mg/dL will have their allopurinol dose optimised according to clinical judgement, EULAR recommendations and the current SmPC 5. This process will continue until the physician considers that the optimal allopurinol dose level has been reached for each patient, by achieving either a sUA level of < 6 mg/dL, or reaching either the maximum tolerate dose (MTD) or the maximum licensed dose (MLD) with due regard to the patient’s renal function 6. At the end of the allopurinol lead-in phase, patients with a sUA level of < 6 mg/dL or receiving the MTD/MLD of allopurinol will be randomised in a 1:1 ratio to receive either febuxostat or allopurinol treatment 7. Randomisation will be stratified according to whether or not the patients had a history of the following cardiovascular events: myocardial infarction (MI), stroke or previous hospitalisation due to congestive heart failure (CHF) or peripheral vascular disease (PVD) 8. After randomisation all patients will undergo a washout period of one week (window 7 to 21 days) prior to initiation of study treatment. During the washout period, they must not receive urate lowering therapy (ULT) 9. Patients who require allopurinol dose titration should continue to receive gout flare prophylaxis during the washout period. Gout flare prophylaxis will not be given during the washout period to patients who do not require allopurinol dose titration 10. All patients randomised to allopurinol will receive allopurinol treatment at the dose determined before randomisation 11. During the course of the study, the dose can be adjusted according to clinical judgement as determined by EULAR recommendations and the current SmPC 12. All patients randomised to febuxostat will initially receive febuxostat 80 mg daily 13. Patients will have their sUA level determined after 2 weeks of febuxostat treatment (9 to 24 days), and patients with a sUA level of =6 mg/dL will have their febuxostat dose increased to 120 mg daily, followed by the determination of their sUA level 2 weeks later 14. Patients will then continue to receive treatment according to clinical judgement, EULAR recommendations and the current SmPC. 15. Patients should receive prophylaxis for gout flare for 6 months from the start of the allopurinol lead-in phase, or for 6 months after starting randomised medication as appropriate, and for 6 months following any subsequent adjustment in ULT 16. Prescription of treatment medication for gout flares (preventive or curative) will be in accordance with EULAR recommendations and the current SmPC 17. Four gout flare prophylaxis regimens will be available to the trial investigator or designee: 17.1. Colchicine 0.5 mg once or twice daily 17.2. Naproxen 250 mg or 500 mg twice daily in conjunction with omeprazole 20 mg once daily or ranitidine 300 mg twice daily 17.3. Diclofenac 50 mg twice or three times daily with omeprazole 20 mg once daily or ranitidine 300 mg twice daily 17.4. Meloxicam 7.5 mg or 15 mg once daily with omeprazole 20 mg once daily or ranitidine 300 mg twice daily 18. Patients will be followed up for an average of 3 years from randomisation 19. Follow-up will be scheduled at two monthly intervals by phone, letter or visit to the patient by the study nurses or medical staff 20. The follow-up of outcomes will be done by record-linkage to hospitalisations and deaths and by direct reporting by study site coordinators 21. Each patient's sUA will be monitored at a central laboratory 1, 2 and 3 years (±1 month) after randomisation and/or as close as possible to the time of drop-out for patients who are withdrawn from the study 22. Additional laboratory assessments including sUA measurements may be undertaken at the discretion of the primary care physicians as part of the standard clinical care, EULAR recommendations and according to the current SmPC 23. The trial will be powered to demonstrate that febuxostat is not inferior to standard allopurinol therapy for the Anti-Platelet Trialists’ Collaboration (APTC) cardiovascular composite endpoint 24. The study will terminate after patients have been followed up for an average of at least 3 years and until at least 456 APTC events have been identified in the per-protocol (PP) population

Intervention Type
Primary Outcome Measures
  • The primary analysis will be the time from randomisation to first occurrence of any event included in the APTC composite endpoint of:
  • 1. Hospitalisation for non-fatal MI
  • 2. Hospitalisation for non-fatal stroke
  • 3. Death due to a cardiovascular event
Secondary Outcome Measures
  • The following secondary endpoints (in rank order of importance) will be evaluated using a time to event analysis:
  • 1. Hospitalisation for non-fatal MI
  • 2. Hospitalisation for non-fatal stroke
  • 3. Cardiovascular death
  • 4. All cause mortality
  • 5. Hospitalisation for heart failure
  • 6. Hospitalisation for unstable, new or worsening angina
  • 7. Hospitalisation for coronary revascularisation
  • 8. Hospitalisation for cerebral revascularisation
  • 9. Hospitalisation for transient ischeamic attack (TIA)
  • 10. Hospitalisation for non-fatal cardiac arrest
  • 11. Hospitalisation for venous and peripheral arterial vascular thrombotic event
  • 12. Hospitalisation for arrhythmia with no evidence of ischaemia
2014 protocol in: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25011991
Result Reports
Sorry, this information is not available
Age Range
Who Can Participate
Number of Participants
5706 patients in total (2853 in each treatment group) from more than one European country will be randomised in the study. The estimated ratio of male to female patients is 70% to 30% respectively.
Participant Inclusion Criteria
  • 1. Male or female patients aged 60 years or older with at least one additional cardiovascular risk factor:
  • 1.1. Age =70 years (male) or =75 years (female)
  • 1.2. Smoking (current or within the last 2 years)
  • 1.3. Diabetes mellitus
  • 1.4. Impaired glucose tolerance
  • 1.5. Hypertension (systolic blood pressure > 140 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure > 90 mmHg) or receiving treatment to lower blood pressure
  • 1.6. Dyslipidaemia (investigator assessment)
  • 1.7. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) Stage 1-3
  • 1.8. Microalbuminuria or proteinuria
  • 1.9 Family history of coronary heart disease or stroke in first degree relative at age < 55 years
  • 1.10. Inflammatory arthritis (investigator assessment – including rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis)
  • 1.11. Chronic non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) therapy (investigator assessment)
  • 1.12. Previous cardiovascular (CV) event [myocardial infarction (MI), cerebrovascular accident (CVA) or transient ischaemic attack (TIA)]
  • 1.13. Peripheral vascular disease (investigator / clinical assessment)
  • 1.14. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  • 1.15. Body mass index > 30 kg/m2
  • 2. Patients who, in the opinion of the recruiting physician, require treatment for chronic hyperuricaemia where urate deposition has already occurred (including a history or presence of tophus and/or gouty arthritis) fulfilling the recommendation for treatment with urate lowering therapy
  • 3. Patients who have received more than or equal to 60 days treatment with allopurinol, or more than or equal to two allopurinol prescriptions, within the previous 6 months
  • 4. Patients, who in the opinion of the recruiting physician or study site coordinator, are eligible for treatment (with reference to the summary of product characteristics) with either allopurinol or febuxostat
  • 5. Patients who are willing to give permission for their paper and electronic medical records, hospitalisation data, prescribing data, and (in the event of their death) their death certification data to be accessed and abstracted by trial investigators
  • 6. Patients who are willing to be contacted and interviewed by trial investigators or delegates (suitably trained research nurses), should the need arise (e.g., for adverse event [AE] assessment and to determine whether an episode of acute gout has occurred)
Participant Exclusion Criteria
  • 1. Patients who have any contraindication to febuxostat or allopurinol (with reference to the summary of product characteristics) or any of the components of their formulations
  • 2. Patients receiving urate lowering therapy (ULT) other than allopurinol
  • 3. Patients with severe renal impairment [estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) < 30 mL/min as defined by the Cockroft-Gault formula (http://www.nephron.com/cgi-bin/CGSI.cgi) according to creatinine, age, sex and body weight]
  • 4. Patients with moderate or severe hepatic impairment i.e. cirrhosis with clinical and/or biological decompensation (i.e. alanine aminotransferase (ALT) or aspartate aminotransferase (AST) >3x reference value, ascites, lower limb oedema, icterus or increased prothrombin time > 2x reference value).
  • 5. Patients with a life-threatening co-morbidity or with a significant medical condition and/or conditions that would interfere with the treatment, safety or compliance with the protocol
  • 6. Patients with a diagnosis of, or receiving treatment for malignancy (excluding minor skin cancer) in the previous 5 years
  • 7. Patients who have experienced either a myocardial infarction or stroke within the 6 months prior to the screening visit
  • 8. Patients with congestive heart failure, New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class III or IV
  • 9. Patients whose behaviour or lifestyle would render them less likely to comply with study medication (i.e., abuse of alcohol, substance misuse, debilitating psychiatric conditions or inability to provide informed consent)
  • 10. Patients with a current acute gout flare or who are within 14 days of the resolution of a gout flare
  • 11. Patients currently participating in another clinical trial or who have participated in a clinical trial in the previous 3 months
Trial Location(s)
Research Site
Trial Contact(s)
Primary Trial Contact
Prof Thomas M MacDonald
+44 (0)1382 632 575
Other Trial Contacts
Sorry, this information is not available
Countries Recruiting
Denmark, United Kingdom
Scientific Title
Febuxostat versus Allopurinol Streamlined Trial (FAST): a prospective, randomised, parallel group, open label, blinded endpoint study
EudraCT Number
Sorry, this information is not available
  • Menarini Pharmaceutical (United Kingdom)
Other Study ID Numbers
FAST V11.0
University of Dundee (UK)
Key Dates

Recruitment Start Date

01 Sep 2011

Recruitment End Date

01 Sep 2016

Trial Start Date

01 Sep 2011

Trial End Date

01 Sep 2016

Date Assigned

28 Jun 2011

Last Updated

14 Jul 2014