RATIONALE: rucaparib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes
needed for cell growth.
PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying the side effects and best dose of rucaparib and to
see how well it works in treating patients with locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer
or advanced ovarian cancer.
- Assessment of Anti tumour activity to PARP-1 inhibitor rucaparib in patients with
locally advanced or metastatic breast or advanced ovarian cancer shown to express the
BRCA 1 or 2 mutations.
- To evaluate the toxicity of treatment with Rucaparib in these population's.
- To evaluate the time to progression and overall survival in patients treated with this
- To study pharmacokinetics of this drug in these patient populations.
- To evaluate the Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) activity in peripheral blood
lymphocytes from BRCA 1 and 2 heterozygotic patients.
- To determine a tolerable and effective dosing regimen of the Rucaparib oral
OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study followed by an open label multicenter study. The
study was originally set up with an IV formulation. An oral formulation of the PARP-1
inhibitor rucaparib will be used from now on. Patients are stratified according to tumor
type (breast vs ovarian) and mutation status ( BRCA 1 vs BRCA 2). In addition, patient with
high-grade serous ovarian cancer can be enrolled into Stage 1 of the study. All patients
enrolled will receive PARP-1 inhibitor rucaparib oral formulation once daily for either 7,
14, or 21 days of each cycle, (two possible dosages for 21 days treatment). Treatment
repeats every 21 days for 12 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable
toxicity. Patients who achieve stable or responding disease may receive additional courses
of treatment at the discretion of the chief investigator or Drug Development Office (DDO).
Patients undergo blood sample collection periodically for pharmacokinetic and
pharmacodynamic studies. Samples are analyzed for tumor marker (CA 125 and/or CA 15.3)
measurements, rucaparib plasma levels via liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry/mass
spectrometry, PARP activity, and PARP protein expression via western blotting immunoassays.
Paraffin embedded sections from original diagnostic biopsy are also collected and analyzed
for PARP protein expression via immunohistochemical technique. Pleural and ascitic fluid may
be collected and analyzed for DNA DS break repair proficiency via immunohistochemical
technique. Some patients also undergo biopsy of tumors and samples are analyzed for BRCA 2
mutation as well as PARP activity via validated PARP immunoblotting assay.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed for 28 days.
Peer Reviewed and Funded or Endorsed by Cancer Research UK.
Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Drug : rucaparib (CO-338; formally AG-014699 or PF-01367338), Genetic : protein expression analysis, Genetic : western blotting, Other : immunohistochemistry staining method, Other : liquid chromatography, Other : mass spectrometry, Other : pharmacological study
Study Arm Groups : , , , , , ,
See Interventions above
- Assessment of antitumor activity according to RECIST using tumor size measured clinically or radiologically with CT scan, MRI, plain x-ray, or other imaging techniques; null; Safety profile; null
- Time to progression and overall survival; null; Plasma levels measured by Liquid Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry/Mass Spectrometry; null; Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) activity measured ex vivo using validated assays; null; To determine the optimal oral dosing regimen, based on the assessment of antitumor activity and the safety profile; null
Sorry, this information is not available
This is available on the Clinicaltrials.gov
18 Years - N/A
Sorry, this information is not available
- INCLUSION CRITERIA
- 1. All stages of the study (IV and oral):
- Patients must be proven known carriers of a mutation of BRCA1 or BRCA2 or considered
- to be highly likely to be carriers of a BRCA1 or 2 mutation* (score of ≥ 20 as per
- Manchester criteria) and have histologically documented locally advanced or
- metastatic breast cancer or advanced ovarian cancer.
- *Patients considered highly likely to be carriers will be tested after consenting and
- a BRCA1 or 2 mutation must be confirmed for the patient to be eligible to receive
- Oral stage 1 only:
- In addition to the above, patients with high grade serous ovarian cancer with unknown
- BRCA status may be entered into oral stage 1.
- 2. Patients with ovarian cancer (including epithelial, fallopian tube cancer and primary
- peritoneal cancer) who have had no more than 5 prior chemotherapy regimens in the
- last 5 years. For the BRCA carriers > 2 months must have elapsed since their last
- treatment with a carboplatin- or cisplatin-containing regimen or for high grade
- serous ovarian cancer patients ≥ 6 months.
- 3. Patients with breast cancer who have had no more than 5 prior chemotherapy regimens
- in the last 5 years.
- 4. Measurable disease as measured by X-ray, computerised tomography (CT), or MRI scan as
- defined by RECIST criteria. These measurements must be done within 4 weeks of the
- patient going on study. Clinical measurements must be done within one week of the
- patient going on study. Patients with bone disease must have other measurable disease
- for evaluation. Previously irradiated lesions cannot be used for measurable disease.
- 5. Life expectancy of at least 12 weeks
- 6. World Health Organisation (WHO) performance status of 0 or 1 (Appendix 1)
- 7. Haematological and biochemical indices within the ranges shown below. These
- measurements must be performed within one week before the patient goes on study.
- Lab Test Value Required Haemoglobin (Hb) ≥9.0 g/dl Neutrophils ≥1.5 x 10^9/L
- Platelets (Plts) ≥100 x 10^9/L Serum bilirubin ≤1.5 x upper normal limit Alanine
- amino-transferase (ALT) and/or ≤ 2.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) aspartate
- amino-transferase (AST) unless due to tumour in which case up to 5 x ULN is
- permissible Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) calculated either by the Wright formula
- ≥50 ml/min or Cockcroft-Gault formula or by isotope clearance measurement
- 8. 18 years or over
- 9. Written (signed and dated) informed consent and be capable of co-operating with
- treatment and follow-up
- EXCLUSION CRITERIA
- 1. Radiotherapy (except for palliative reasons), endocrine therapy, immunotherapy,
- chemotherapy, biological agents or investigational agents during the previous 4 weeks
- (6 weeks for nitrosoureas and Mitomycin-C) before treatment.
- 2. Ongoing toxic manifestations of previous treatments. Exceptions to this are alopecia
- or certain Grade 1 toxicities, which in the opinion of the Investigator and the Drug
- Development Office (DDO) should not exclude the patient.
- 3. Known brain metastases.
- 4. Female patients able to become pregnant (or already pregnant or lactating). However,
- those female patients who have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test before
- enrolment and agree to use two highly effective forms of contraception (oral,
- injected or implanted hormonal contraception and condom, have an intrauterine device
- and condom, diaphragm with spermicidal gel and condom, or are surgically sterilised)
- 4 weeks before entering the trial, during the trial and for 6 months afterwards are
- considered eligible.
- 5. Male patients with partners of child-bearing potential (unless they agree to use one
- form of highly effective contraception such as a barrier method of condom plus
- spermicide during the trial and for 6 months afterwards).
- 6. Major thoracic and/or abdominal surgery in the preceding 4 weeks from which the
- patient has not recovered.
- 7. At high medical risk because of non-malignant systemic disease including active
- uncontrolled infection.
- 8. Concurrent malignancies at other sites, with the exception of adequately treated
- cone-biopsied in situ carcinoma of the cervix uteri and basal or squamous cell
- carcinoma of the skin and concurrent breast and ovarian carcinoma. Cancer survivors,
- who have undergone potentially curative therapy for a prior malignancy, are eligible
- for the study.
- 9. Patients with active or unstable cardiac disease or history of myocardial infarction
- within 6 months. Patients with cardiovascular signs or symptoms should have a MUGA
- scan or echocardiogram, and those patients with left ventricular ejection fraction
- (LVEF) below the institutional limit of normal should be excluded.
- 10. Any other condition which in the Investigator's opinion would not make the patient a
- good candidate for the clinical trial.
- 11. Patients who have already received a PARP inhibitor.
This is in the inclusion criteria above
A Cancer Research UK Phase II Proof of Principle Trial of the Activity of the PARP-1 Inhibitor, AG-014699, in Known Carriers of a BRCA 1 or BRCA 2 Mutation With Locally Advanced or Metastatic Breast or Advanced Ovarian Cancer
Not available for this trial
Sorry, this information is not available
Cancer Research UK