Nitrites in Acute Myocardial Infarction | Not Recruiting
Nitrites in Acute Myocardial Infarction
Trial Source

There is no location for this trial

Location data is sourced from multiple external providers and UKCTG is not responsible for and cannot guarantee the accuracy of data.

Health Conditions
  • Acute ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction
Unfortunately contact details are not available for this trial.
Primary Contact Details
Not Recruiting
Recruitment Status
Primary Trial ID Number
The research question to be addressed is "Does a 2.5 - 5 minute systemic intravenous injection of sodium nitrite administered immediately before opening of the infarct related artery result in significant reduction of ischaemia reperfusion injury in patients with first acute ST elevation myocardial infarction (MI)?"
Research Details
  • There are estimated to be 125,000 acute myocardial infarctions (heart attacks) in the UK every year. Although substantial progress has been made in reducing the infarct size by prompt opening of the infarct related artery (with thrombolytic therapy or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)), effective therapy to further reduce the infarct size would substantially reduce the risk of the patient subsequently developing heart failure. There is a growing body of evidence from studies in animals that the use of nitrites may help in reducing the infarct size, although this has not been tested in man. In this phase 2/3 study, the investigators propose to investigate the effect of sodium nitrite injection on infarct size. Eligible patients will be males aged 18 and over and females aged 55 and over, presenting within 12 hours of the onset of chest pain, who are suitable for treatment with percutaneous coronary intervention. Those who give verbal agreement to take part will receive a 2.5-5 minute injection of sodium nitrite (or placebo) immediately prior to the blocked artery being opened with percutaneous coronary intervention.
Phase 2/Phase 3
Study Design
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Study Type
Drug : sodium nitrite, Other : Placebo

Study Arm Groups : sodium nitrite, placebo

Intervention Type
See Interventions above
Primary Outcome Measures
  • Infarct size corrected for area at risk (using ESA); 6-8 days post injection
Secondary Outcome Measures
  • Left ventricular ejection fraction and end systolic volume index; 6-8 days and 6 months post injection; Plasma creatine kinase; 72 hours post injection; Troponin I; 72 hours post injection; Infarct size corrected for area at risk; 6 months; Infarct size corrected for area at risk (using T2); 6-8 days
Sorry, this information is not available
Result Reports
This is available on the website
Age Range
18 Years - N/A
Who Can Participate
Number of Participants
Participant Inclusion Criteria
  • Men aged ≥18 years, women aged ≥55 years, and women <55years who are sterilised, or have
  • had a hysterectomy or have effective contraception and thus where there is no possibility
  • of them being pregnant; presenting within 12 hours of the onset of chest pain who have ST
  • segment elevation of more than 1mm elevation in limb leads or 2mm elevation in two
  • contiguous chest leads or new left bundle branch block (LBBB) and for whom the clinical
  • decision has been made to treat with primary PCI will be eligible for enrolment. Occlusion
  • of the culprit related artery (TIMI grade 0 or TIMI grade 1) will also be required for
  • inclusion. Eligible patients will be of North European descent.
  • Exclusion criteria
  • - Historical or ECG evidence of previous myocardial infarction
  • - Patients with prior coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)
  • - Prior revascularization procedure where this procedure (PCI) was performed in the
  • same territory as the current infarct
  • - Known or suspected pregnancy
  • - Contra-indications to MRI
  • - Patients with cardiac arrest or cardiogenic shock
  • - Patients with left main coronary occlusion
  • - Patients with known moderate to severe renal failure (estimated GFR < 30mls/min), or
  • liver failure
  • - Patients with prior thrombolysis for this event
  • - Patients with such Left Main disease which after PCI of their culprit lesion (culprit
  • lesions may be located in the LAD or LCx or RCA) are likely to require CABG within
  • the time course of the study period (6 months).
Participant Exclusion Criteria
This is in the inclusion criteria above
Trial Location(s)
St George's Healthcare NHS Trust
SW17 0QT
GSK Clinical Trials Call Center
AB25 2ZD
Trial Contact(s)
Primary Trial Contact
Sorry, this information is not available
Other Trial Contacts
Sorry, this information is not available
Countries Recruiting
United Kingdom
Scientific Title
Does Sodium Nitrite Administration Reduce Ischaemia-reperfusion Injury in Patients Presenting With Acute ST Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction?
EudraCT Number
Not available for this trial
  • NHS Grampian
  • Medical Research Council
  • St George's Healthcare NHS Trust
  • Brighton and Sussex University Hospitals NHS Trust
  • Imperial College London
  • University of Birmingham
Other Study ID Numbers
University of Aberdeen
Key Dates

Recruitment Start Date

Jul 2011

Recruitment End Date

Jun 2013

Trial Start Date
Date Not Available
Trial End Date
Date Not Available
Date Assigned

01 Jul 2011

Last Updated

04 Jul 2013