ISoToxic Accelerated RadioTherapy in Locally Advanced Non-small Cell Lung Cancer: The Phase I/II I-START Trial | Recruiting
ISoToxic Accelerated RadioTherapy in Locally Advanced Non-small Cell Lung Cancer: The Phase I/II I-START Trial
I-START
Trial Source

There is no location for this trial

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Health Conditions
  • Locally Advanced Non-small Cell Lung Cancer
Lisette Nixon, BSc, PhD
+44 (0)2920 687458
See all trial contact details
Primary Contact Details
Recruiting
Recruitment Status
NCT01537991
Primary Trial ID Number
Summary
The I-START trial is designed to determine the highest doses of radiotherapy that can safely be used in locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Patients with NSCLC who are expected to live longer than three months and are fit to receive radical radiotherapy (radiotherapy given with curative intent) will be eligible to participate. All trial participants will receive 20 doses (called fractions) of radiotherapy. Evidence is available that suggests increasing the dose of radiotherapy given per fraction may improve both local control of the cancer and survival in some patients. However, high dose radiotherapy can damage normal tissues as well as the tumour. The dose of radiotherapy that can be used to treat lung cancer is limited by the normal tissues close to the cancer. For most of these normal tissues (lung, spinal cord and heart) the maximum safe radiotherapy dose that can be given is known. The maximum safe dose of radiotherapy for the oesophagus (gullet) is not currently known. The trial will be split into two parts: 1. For those participants where the oesophagus will receive a high dose of radiation due to it lying close to the cancer, the first part of the trial will establish the maximum safe dose of radiotherapy to the oesophagus. The first group of participants will receive a slightly higher dose than is currently used to treat lung cancer. If these participants do not have any significant side effects, a second group of participants will receive a slightly higher dose than the first group. This process will continue incrementally until side effects from the treatment become evident, thus demonstrating the maximum dose that can safely be given. Once the maximum safe dose to the oesophagus is known this will be classed as the recommended Phase II dose and all further patients entering the trial will receive no more than this dose to the oesophagus. 2. For those participants where the cancer is a safe distance from their oesophagus, the highest dose of radiotherapy that does not exceed the known safe dose limits of the normal structures (lung, spinal cord and heart) will be used. The findings of both parts of this study will determine whether increasing the dose of radiotherapy for NSCLC patients is a tolerable, safe and effective treatment. If the results are positive then this new treatment may be compared against the best currently available standard treatments in a future larger randomised (Phase III) trial.
Research Details
  • Main inclusion criteria: 1. Histologically or cytologically confirmed stage II - IIIb NSCLC (see appendix II) 2. Inoperable disease (as assessed by a lung cancer MDT with thoracic surgical input) or operable but the patient refuses surgery 3. Disease which can be encompassed within a radical radiotherapy treatment plan in keeping with standard practice at the participating centre 4. WHO Performance Status 0 or 1 (Appendix III) 5. Adequate respiratory function: FEV1 ≥ 1.0 litre, DLco (transfer factor) ≥ 40% of predicted and Kco (DLco/VA) > 40% predicted on baseline lung function tests 6. Blood Haemoglobin ≥ 10g/dL 7. No prior thoracic radiotherapy 8. Age ≥ 16 years 9. Considered fit to receive trial treatment 10. Estimated life expectancy of more than 3 months 11. Written informed consent obtained 12. Patient consents for electronic CT scan and planning data to be used for future research Main exclusion criteria: 1. Medically unstable (e.g. unstable diabetes, uncontrolled hypertension, infection, hypercalcaemia or very symptomatic ischaemic heart disease) 2. Previous or current malignant disease likely to interfere with protocol treatment 3. Pancoast tumours 4. Connective tissue disorders (e.g. Scleroderma, Systemic Lupus Erythematosus) 5. Interstitial lung disease 6. Women who are pregnant or lactating 7. Women of childbearing potential who are not using adequate contraceptive precautions Primary outcome measure: Phase I: • Establish the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) to the oesophagus to use as the recommended Phase II dose. Phase II: • Toxicity rate (grade 3 and 4) at three months. Secondary outcome measures Phase I: • Chronic oesophagitis or stricture occurring/persisting two months or more after completion of radiotherapy Phase II: - Local control at three months (to include complete response, partial response and stable disease) - Feasibility - Time to Local Progression; measured in days from the day of trial entry to the date of first clinical evidence of progressive disease at the primary site - Time to distant metastases measured in days - Overall Survival; measured in days, from the day of trial entry to the day of death (from any cause) - Toxicity; pulmonary, oesophageal, spinal cord and cardiac grade 3 or 4 toxicity occurring up to three months after radiotherapy - Radiotherapy Quality Assurance. A detailed QA program will be in place to ensure adherence to the protocol. Major and minor deviations will be documented
Phase
Phase 1/Phase 2
Study Design
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Study Type
Interventional
Intervention
Radiation : Radiotherapy

Study Arm Groups : Group 1A, Group 1B, Phase II

Intervention Type
See Interventions above
Primary Outcome Measures
  • Phase I: Establish the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) to the oesophagus to use as the recommended Phase II dose.; toxicity assessed up to 60 days after last Radiotherapy dose; Phase II: Toxicity rate (grade 3 and 4) at three months.; 3 months
Secondary Outcome Measures
  • Phase I: Chronic oesophagitis or stricture occurring/persisting two months or more after completion of radiotherapy; 2 months; Pase II: Local control at three months (to include complete response, partial response and stable disease); 3 months; Phase II: Feasibility; 2 years; Phase II: Time to Local Progression; measured in days from the day of trial entry to the date of first clinical evidence of progressive disease at the primary site; 2 years; Phase II: Time to distant metastases measured in days; 2 years; Phase II: Overall Survival; measured in days, from the day of trial entry to the day of death (from any cause); 2 years; Phase II: Toxicity; pulmonary, oesophageal, spinal cord and cardiac grade 3 or 4 toxicity occurring up to three months after radiotherapy; 3 months; Phase II: Radiotherapy Quality Assurance. A detailed QA program will be in place to ensure adherence to the protocol. Major and minor deviations will be documented; 2 years
Publication(s)
Sorry, this information is not available
Result Reports
This is available on the Clinicaltrials.gov website
Gender
Both
Age Range
16 Years - N/A
Who Can Participate
Patients
Number of Participants
121
Participant Inclusion Criteria
  • Inclusion Criteria:
  • 1. Histologically or cytologically confirmed stage II - IIIb NSCLC (see appendix II)
  • 2. Inoperable disease (as assessed by a lung cancer MDT with thoracic surgical input) or
  • operable but the patient refuses surgery
  • 3. Disease which can be encompassed within a radical radiotherapy treatment plan in
  • keeping with standard practice at the participating centre
  • 4. WHO Performance Status 0 or 1 (Appendix III)
  • 5. Adequate respiratory function: FEV1 ≥ 1.0 litre, DLco (transfer factor) ≥ 40% of
  • predicted and Kco (DLco/VA) > 40% predicted on baseline lung function tests
  • 6. Blood Haemoglobin ≥ 10g/dL
  • 7. No prior thoracic radiotherapy
  • 8. Age ≥ 16 years
  • 9. Considered fit to receive trial treatment
  • 10. Estimated life expectancy of more than 3 months
  • 11. Written informed consent obtained
  • 12. Patient consents for electronic CT scan and planning data to be used for future
  • research
  • 13. Patient is available for follow up
  • Exclusion Criteria:
  • 1. Medically unstable (e.g. unstable diabetes, uncontrolled hypertension, infection,
  • hypercalcaemia or very symptomatic ischaemic heart disease)
  • 2. Previous or current malignant disease likely to interfere with protocol treatment
  • 3. Pancoast tumours
  • 4. Connective tissue disorders (e.g. Scleroderma, Systemic Lupus Erythematosus)
  • 5. Interstitial lung disease
  • 6. Women who are pregnant or lactating
  • 7. Women of childbearing potential who are not using adequate contraceptive precautions
Participant Exclusion Criteria
This is in the inclusion criteria above
Trial Location(s)
Novartis Investigative Site
Cardiff
CF14 2TL
Clatterbridge Centre for Oncology
Liverpool
CH63 4JY
Trial Contact(s)
Primary Trial Contact
Lisette Nixon, BSc, PhD
nixonls@cardiff.ac.uk
+44 (0)2920 687458
Other Trial Contacts
Robert Cowles
I-START@cardiff.ac.uk
+44 (0)2920 687500
Countries Recruiting
United Kingdom
Scientific Title
A Phase I/II Trial of Isotoxic Accelerated Radiotherapy in the Treatment of Patients With Non-small Cell Lung Cancer
EudraCT Number
Not available for this trial
Funder(s)
    Sorry, this information is not available
Other Study ID Numbers
2009/VCC/0080
Sponsor(s)
Wales Cancer Trials Unit
Key Dates

Recruitment Start Date

Jan 2012

Recruitment End Date

Dec 2014

Trial Start Date
Date Not Available
Trial End Date
Date Not Available
Date Assigned

17 Feb 2012

Last Updated

17 Feb 2012