PLX3397 KIT in Acral aNd mucOsal Melanoma | Recruiting
PLX3397 KIT in Acral aNd mucOsal Me... | Recruiting
PLX3397 KIT in Acral aNd mucOsal Melanoma
PIANO

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Medical Conditions
  • Malignant Melanoma
Primary Contact Details
Recruitment Status
Recruiting
Trial source and source ID number
NCT02071940
This information is designed to help you decide whether this trial is of interest. In some cases it is provided as a link to more detailed patient information or it may still be awaited from the organisation running the trial. Please look again shortly if the information you need is not here or, if named, contact the researcher named above.
Summary
KIT (receptor tyrosine kinase) mutations occur in 15% of acral and mucosal melanomas. PIANO is a single arm, phase II, open-label, multicentre study to evaluate the efficacy and safety (plus molecular basis of such effects) of the KIT inhibitor PLX3397 (developed by Plexxikon) in advanced KIT mutated acral and mucosal melanoma.

In this trial a total of 24 patients (9 in the first stage and 15 in the second stage) will receive treatment over a 24 month recruitment period.

Following consent and successful screening, patients will receive PLX3397 capsules 1000mg/day as monotherapy, and will remain on therapy as long as they are deriving clinical benefit. Patients will be seen every 4 weeks during treatment to monitor response and toxicity. Routine blood tests will be carried out at all visits and pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics sampling (1 x 8 milliliter(ml) whole blood sample) will be done pre-dose on Day 1 and Day 15, frozen and stored locally and sent to Plexxikon's vendor for central analysis at the end of the study. Imaging will be carried out every 12 weeks to monitor response. The first 9 patients will also receive two [18F]-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET scans (baseline and at Day 15).

From specific named participating sites, 12 patients will provide additional (optional) consent to take part in translational research. 5 of these patients will have a fresh tumour biopsy taken at baseline, at day 15 and upon disease progression. The same 5 patients plus an additional 7 patients (to give a total of 12 patients) will also donate blood samples at baseline, 2 weeks, 12 weeks and on disease progression for the evaluation of circulating tumour cells and circulating free tumour DNA.

All patients will be followed up every 6 months until death or for 12 months after the last patient has discontinued study treatment.
Research Details
  • The PIANO trial is an open-label, single-arm, multicentre phase II trial of PLX3397 in advanced acral and mucosal melanoma. All eligible patients will receive PLX3397 1000mg/day as monotherapy and will remain on treatment as long as they are deriving benefit (at the treating Investigator's discretion).

    The primary objective of this study is to assess the efficacy of PLX3397 by review of the number of patients who are progression-free at 6 months. Additional objectives include assessing the safety of PLX3397, overall survival and (for a sub-set of patients) biomarker research.

    A maximum of 24 eligible patients may be treated in this study. In order to recruit 24 patients, it is expected that a total of approximately 240 patients will need to be consented and screened for the KIT mutation, as only KIT mutant patients are eligible (and this is estimated to be 10-15% of this patient population). An interim analysis by the Independent Data Monitoring Committee will be done after 9 patients have been recruited and if less than 2 out of the 9 patients have demonstrated progression free survival at 6 months the trial will be terminated.

    As only KIT mutant patients are eligible for inclusion, the very first step following consent is for patients' KIT mutation status to be tested. Only patients who have KIT mutations are eligible. Wherever possible, archival tissue samples taken at the time of diagnosis will be requested but if a suitable sample is not available or if following testing no result is obtained an additional fresh tumour sample would be collected via a biopsy. The tissue sample will be sent to specialist laboratories for KIT testing and the results of this test take 1-2 weeks. If the patient is found to have a KIT mutation which is not associated with PLX3397 resistance, they will return to clinic to complete the following study parameters and investigations upto 4 weeks prior to the start of treatment except those examinations which are marked with an (*) ;

    - Demographic details

    - Medical and surgical history including discussions of current medications

    - Tumour evaluation according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) criteria v1.1 using CT or MRI scans of the thorax, abdomen and pelvis within 28 days of scheduled start of treatment

    - Vital signs and standard physical examination (to include blood pressure, pulse, temperature, height and weight)*

    - Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status*

    - Laboratory investigations: full blood count, biochemistry (Urea & Electrolytes, creatinine, calcium, albumin, liver function tests, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), glucose, phosphate) and clotting screen*

    - Women of childbearing potential will have a urine or serum pregnancy test( within 72 hours of study entry)

    - Electrocardiograph (ECG)*

    If a patient undergoes a protocol-specified screening procedure as part of Standard of Care and the procedure occurs within 4 weeks then this data may be used for screening purposes and the test would not need to be repeated.

    If the screening visit confirms that the patient is still eligible to take part in the study, they would return to clinic for a "baseline visit" and the following procedures would occur:

    - Physical examination (including blood pressure and weight)

    - Urine or serum pregnancy test in women of childbearing potential

    - Electrocardiograph (ECG)

    - ECOG Performance status

    - Laboratory investigations: full blood count, biochemistry (U&Es, creatinine, calcium, albumin, liver function tests, LDH, glucose, phosphate) and clotting screen

    - 1 x 8ml whole blood sample (Pharmacodynamics/pharmacokinetics (PK/PD)analysis) to be sent to Plexxikon's vendor for central analysis

    - Adverse event (including treatment toxicity) assessments (see section 9.1 for definition of an adverse event).

    - Review of concurrent medications

    - PLX3397 prescription

    - PET scan (first 9 patients only)

    - If the baseline visit is < 7 days since screening these investigations will not need to be repeated.

    The patient would then return to clinic at day 15, day 29 (week 4), week 8 and then every 4 weeks in year 1 and every 8 weeks thereafter (until discontinuation of PLX3397). All visits have a window of +/- 3 days. The following procedures would be done at these visits:

    - Physical examination (including blood pressure and weight).

    - Electrocardiograph (ECG)

    - ECOG Performance Status (PS)

    - Laboratory investigations: full blood count, biochemistry (U&Es, creatinine, calcium, albumin, liver function tests, LDH, glucose, phosphate) and clotting screen.

    - 1 x 8ml whole blood sample (PK/PD analysis) at Day 15 only (sent to Plexxikon's vendor for central analysis)

    - Adverse event (including treatment toxicity) assessments until 30 days after discontinuation of PLX3397.

    - Review of concurrent medications.

    - Assessment of compliance with study medication.

    - CT or MRI scans of the thorax, abdomen and pelvis at week 12, week 26 and every 12 weeks thereafter.

    - Urine or serum pregnancy testing in women of childbearing potential on every visit ( except day 15 on treatment).

    - PET scan after 2 weeks of therapy (day 15 ±3 days) - first 9 patients only

    When the patient has discontinued the PLX3397 they then enter the follow-up phase of the study. Patients will be followed up until death or for 12 months after the last patient has discontinued study treatment. Patients can be followed up by telephone call every 6 months to assess current status and subsequent therapies. Alternatively follow-up can be in clinic especially in the case of complaints which may indicate late toxicity.

    Translational Research

    A subset of patients from named sites (The Christie National Health Service (NHS) Foundation Trust and The Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust) will also be asked to provide additional, optional consent to take part in translational research. 5 patients will have biopsies taken at 3 timepoints (baseline, at day 15 and on disease progression) and blood samples taken at 4 timepoints (baseline, at day 15, week 12 and on disease progression). In addition, a further 7 patients will give blood samples only (to give a total of 12 patients giving blood samples). Wherever possible translational blood samples will be taken at the same time as the standard trial blood samples which confirm that the patient is still eligible for study inclusion.
Phase
Phase 2
Study Design
Sorry, this information is not available
Study Type
Interventional
Intervention
Drug : PLX3397

Study Arm Groups : PLX3397

Intervention Type
See Interventions above
Primary Outcome Measures
    Efficacy of PLX3397; 6 months
Secondary Outcome Measures
    Response rate; 12 weeks; Overall Survival; Participants are followed up for upto an average of 5 years or until the last patient dies, whichever comes first.; Safety of PLX3397; minimum of 12 month following stoppage of treatment and for minimum of 5 years for patients remaining on treatment; Mechanism of response and resistance to PLX3397; For 12 weeks or until the patient stops treatment
Publication(s)
Sorry, this information is not available
Result Reports
Check availability of results on the Clinicaltrials.gov website
This information is designed to help you decide whether this trial is of interest. In some cases it is provided as a link to more detailed patient information or it may still be awaited from the organisation running the trial. Please look again shortly if the information you need is not here or, if named, contact the researcher named above.
Gender
All
Age Range
18 Years - N/A
Who Can Participate
Patients
Number of Participants
24
Participant Inclusion Criteria
    Inclusion Criteria:

    - Patients with KIT mutated histologically proven advanced mucosal or acral melanoma in which the mutation is not known to be associated with PLX3397 resistance

    - Unresectable locally advanced or metastatic disease

    - The presence of one or more clinically or radiologically measurable lesions at least 10mm in size

    - ECOG performance status 0, 1 or 2

    - Life expectancy greater than 12 weeks

    - Age 18 or greater

    - Women must be postmenopausal (no menstrual period for a minimum of 1 year) or have a negative serum pregnancy test on entry in the study (even if surgically sterilised). Men and women of childbearing potential must use adequate birth control measures for the duration of the study and should continue such precautions for 3 months after receiving the last dose of study treatment

    - At least 28 days since major surgery and 7 days since skin/tumour biopsy

    - Serum alanine transaminase (ALT) ≤2.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) or serum aspartate aminotransferase≤2.5 x ULN

    - Total serum bilirubin ≤1.5 x ULN

    - Serum creatinine ≤1.5 x ULN

    - Haemoglobin ≥90 g/L, absolute neutrophil count ≥1.5 x 109/L, platelets ≥100 x 109/L

    - Prothrombin time (PT) ≤1.5 x ULN

    - The ability to swallow and retain oral medication

    - The capacity to understand the patient information sheet and the ability to provide written informed consent

    - Willingness and ability to comply with scheduled visits, treatment plans, laboratory tests and other study procedures

    Exclusion Criteria:

    - Intracranial disease, unless there has been radiological evidence of stable intracranial disease > 6 months. In the case of a solitary brain metastasis, evidence of a disease-free interval of at least 3 months post surgery. All patients previously treated for brain metastases must be stable off corticosteroid therapy for at least 28 days

    - Women who are pregnant, nursing, or planning pregnancy within 6 months after the last treatment

    - Men who plan to father a child within 3 months of the last treatment

    - Use of any investigational drug within 30 days prior to screening

    - Significant cardiac disease including patients who have or who are at significant risk of developing prolongation of corrected QT interval (QTc)

    - Severe and/or uncontrolled medical disease

    - Known chronic liver disease

    - Known HIV infection

    - Previous radiotherapy to 25% or more of the bone marrow and/or radiation therapy in the 4 weeks prior to study entry

    - Prior exposure to a KIT inhibitor

    - Patients with KIT mutations that are known to be associated with PLX3397 resistance

    - Use of Chinese or herbal medication

    - Any malabsorption syndrome (i.e. partial gastrectomy, small bowel resection, crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis)
Participant Exclusion Criteria
This is in the inclusion criteria above
This information is designed to help you decide whether this trial is of interest. In some cases it is provided as a link to more detailed patient information or it may still be awaited from the organisation running the trial. Please look again shortly if the information you need is not here or, if named, contact the researcher named above.
Trial Location(s)
Manchester
M20 4BX
Royal Marsden Hospital - Sutton
London
England
SW3 6JJ
Trial Contact(s)
Primary Trial Contact
Paul Lorigan, MBChB, FRCP
Other Trial Contacts
Azad Aziz, M.Sc
Countries Recruiting
United Kingdom
This information is designed to help you decide whether this trial is of interest. In some cases it is provided as a link to more detailed patient information or it may still be awaited from the organisation running the trial. Please look again shortly if the information you need is not here or, if named, contact the researcher named above.
Scientific Title
A Phase II Trial of PLX3397 in the Treatment of KIT Mutated Advanced Acral and Mucosal Melanoma
EudraCT Number
Not available for this trial
Funder(s)
    Sorry, this information is not available
Other Study ID Numbers
11_DOG12_56
Sponsor(s)
The Christie NHS Foundation Trust
Key Dates

Recruitment Start Date

Oct 2015

Recruitment End Date

Oct 2017

Trial Start Date
Date Not Available
Trial End Date
Date Not Available
Date added to source

08 May 2013

Date updated in source

09 Dec 2015